Difference between revisions of "Armor"

The official GemStone IV encyclopedia.
Jump to: navigation, search
(Add armor navigation box.)
(Reorganized content and included attribute explanations from the official armor guide.)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
{{Armor navigation}}
 
{{Armor navigation}}
'''Armor''' is gear worn by characters to protect them from damage. It is divided into main armor and armor accessories.  Kinds of main armor are distinguished by their armor group (AG) and armor sub-group (AsG).  Characters may only wear one set of main armor and one of each kind of accessory at a time.
+
'''Armor''' is protects its wearer from damage by decreasing the [[damage factor]] (usually) and increasing the [[#Critical Divisor|critical divisor]].
 +
 
 +
Armor is divided into main armor and armor accessories.  Kinds of main armor are distinguished by their armor group (AG) and armor sub-group (AsG).  Characters may only wear one set of main armor and one of each kind of accessory at a time.
  
 
The first armor in an armor group is usually torso armor, covering only the chest, stomach, and back.  The second type will cover the arms and hands of the wearer, then the third type will cover the legs as well.  The last type of armor in a group covers the entire body.  When a character wears an accessory such as greaves to increase the coverage of their armor, the AsG remains unchanged but the penalties (moving, casting, [[Roundtime|RT]]) change to correspond with the greatest degree of coverage; see table below for more details.  For example, if a character was wearing light leather that covers just the torso, they might decide to add arm greaves at one point.  The behavior of the character's armor would then change to that of full leather since the total coverage would then be torso and arms.
 
The first armor in an armor group is usually torso armor, covering only the chest, stomach, and back.  The second type will cover the arms and hands of the wearer, then the third type will cover the legs as well.  The last type of armor in a group covers the entire body.  When a character wears an accessory such as greaves to increase the coverage of their armor, the AsG remains unchanged but the penalties (moving, casting, [[Roundtime|RT]]) change to correspond with the greatest degree of coverage; see table below for more details.  For example, if a character was wearing light leather that covers just the torso, they might decide to add arm greaves at one point.  The behavior of the character's armor would then change to that of full leather since the total coverage would then be torso and arms.
* Note that penalties are assessed based on the ''worst'' (most extensive) coverage.  Wearing a helm on the head or aventail on the neck while wearing AsG5/light leather will give AsG8/double leather penalties, but will '''NOT''' give the protection (see next paragraph) of the heavier armor to the arms or legs, since those body locations are not covered in this case: only the chest, abdomen, back, and head (or neck) are covered in this example.  For this reason it is usually advised to wear the heaviest armor the character is trained for, and not use accessories at all.  Some characters prefer to wear accessories in any case, but this is usually either for cosmetic reasons (the helm perfectly matches the look sought) or entirely different mechanical benefits (such as an [[Enhancive item]]).
+
 
 +
Note that penalties are assessed based on the ''worst'' (most extensive) coverage.  Wearing a helm on the head or aventail on the neck while wearing AsG5/light leather will give AsG8/double leather penalties, but will '''NOT''' give the protection (see next paragraph) of the heavier armor to the arms or legs, since those body locations are not covered in this case: only the chest, abdomen, back, and head (or neck) are covered in this example.  For this reason it is usually advised to wear the heaviest armor the character is trained for, and not use accessories at all.  Some characters prefer to wear accessories in any case, but this is usually either for cosmetic reasons (the helm perfectly matches the look sought) or entirely different mechanical benefits (such as an [[Enhancive item]]).
  
 
When a type of armor in a class doesn't cover a body part, the part counts as being covered by one class less when determining the critical rank of a strike.  For example, when striking someone wearing torso plate, or metal breastplate, the weapon uses the [[damage factor]] of striking someone in plate, no matter where the strike lands.  However, when striking an uncovered portion, the amount of raw damage required per critical rank is only 9 damage, instead of the 11 damage which is standard for plate armor (these numbers are called '''[[#Critical Divisor|critical divisor]]s''').  Therefore, a strike of 18 raw damage using a longsword (a +203 to +208 endroll) to an arm is a level 2 crit (+7 extra damage, for a total of 25 damage), but if the same strike were to hit the chest, it'd only be a level 1 crit (+1 extra damage, for a total of 19 damage).
 
When a type of armor in a class doesn't cover a body part, the part counts as being covered by one class less when determining the critical rank of a strike.  For example, when striking someone wearing torso plate, or metal breastplate, the weapon uses the [[damage factor]] of striking someone in plate, no matter where the strike lands.  However, when striking an uncovered portion, the amount of raw damage required per critical rank is only 9 damage, instead of the 11 damage which is standard for plate armor (these numbers are called '''[[#Critical Divisor|critical divisor]]s''').  Therefore, a strike of 18 raw damage using a longsword (a +203 to +208 endroll) to an arm is a level 2 crit (+7 extra damage, for a total of 25 damage), but if the same strike were to hit the chest, it'd only be a level 1 crit (+1 extra damage, for a total of 19 damage).
  
<I>Note: the endrolls noted may be much higher if the victim has significant amounts of [[Redux|DFRedux]].  For example, a character with 60% redux in the example given above would require a +358 endroll for the same result.</I>
+
''Note: the endrolls noted may be much higher if the victim has significant amounts of [[Redux|DFRedux]].  For example, a character with 60% redux in the example given above would require a +358 endroll for the same result.''
 +
 
 +
== Armor Attributes ==
 +
 
 +
{{Armor attributes}}
 +
 
 +
=== Armor Sub-Group ===
 +
 
 +
The armor sub-group (often referred to as ASG) is the method by which armor is categorized. Armors fall into one of five groups: Cloth, Leather ("Soft Leather"), Scale ("Hard Leather"), Chain or Plate. Within each of these groups are 4 armor sub-groups. (However, in the case of the Cloth group, armor sub-groups 3 and 4 are no longer available within the game.)
 +
 
 +
In each armor group, the lowest ASG has the least amount of coverage, while the highest ASG has the most amount of coverage.
 +
 
 +
Armor accessories can increase the effective ASG of your armor. That is, if you wear double chain, which covers torso and arms, and also wear a helmet and leg greaves, you will have an effective ASG exactly as if you were wearing a chain hauberk.
 +
 
 +
=== Coverage ===
 +
 
 +
Each armor type has a built in level of coverage that it provides to your body. This coverage can prevent damage to those areas of your body in the form of critical hits.
 +
 
 +
In each armor group, the lowest ASG has the least amount of coverage (just the torso), while the highest ASG has the most amount of coverage (head to toe).
 +
 
 +
Armor accessories can increase the effective ASG of your armor. That is, if you wear double chain, which covers torso and arms, and also wear a helmet and leg greaves, you will receive the same amount of coverage exactly as if you were wearing a chain hauberk.
 +
 
 +
=== Roundtime Adder ===
 +
 
 +
The Roundtime Adder is a number (in seconds) added to your base [[roundtime]] when swinging a weapon.
 +
 
 +
By training in [[armor use]] skill, this roundtime can be reduced. Each 20 points in the skill removes one second of armor-based roundtime. The skill bonus required to fully train off the roundtime penalty is ((20 * Roundtime Adder) - 10).
  
== Action Penalties and Spell Hindrance ==
+
High bonuses in [[dexterity]] and [[agility]] also offset this penalty.
Wearing heavy armor can introduce difficulty to a character's actions and hinder their use of magic.  
 
  
===Armor Action Penalty===
+
Example: When wearing brigandine armor (ASG 12), attacks have a 6 second roundtime adder. The required armor use skill bonus to train off the extra roundtime is ((20 * 6) - 10) = 110, which is achieved with 27 skill ranks (111 bonus).
An '''Armor Action Penalty''' (AAP) can be mitigated through training in the [[Armor Use]] skill. The action penalty is a percentile subtracted from a chance to perform a [[standard maneuver roll]].
 
  
A maneuver may include anything from dodging [[Elemental Wave]] and [[Earthen Fury]] attacks to something as mundane as standing up.
+
=== Action Penalty ===
  
For a character exactly trained for full plate at cap, the AAP is a little bit above the difference between training 1x and 2x in [[Physical Fitness]]. Over training in [[Armor Use]] to reduce the action penalty and/or using [[armored evasion]] can reduce the maneuver penalty by a fairly significant amount.
+
The action penalty is a modifier subtracted from your chance to perform a [[standard maneuver roll]].
  
===Spell Hindrance===
+
A maneuver may include anything from dodging [[Elemental Wave]] and [[Earthen Fury]] attacks, to something as mundane as [[STAND (verb)|standing up]].
[[Spell hindrance]] cannot be avoided unless a character has access to the spell [[Faith's Clarity (1603)]] (Paladin base) and/or are a [[Paladin]] with training in the [[Armor Specialization]] known as [[armored fluidity]].  However, spell hindrance can be ''minimized'' by training in the [[Armor Use]] skill.  Spell hindrance will never go above the maximum (listed in the far right column) but will also never go below the minimum hindrance listed under the corresponding spell circle.
 
  
{| {{prettytable}}
+
The skill bonus required to reduce the action penalty to its base value is (20 * Roundtime Adder). While this formula also uses the Roundtime Adder, there is no rounding (so the full bonus is required and there is no "-10" to the total amount).
! rowspan=2 bgcolor = lightgrey | AG
 
! rowspan=2 bgcolor = lightgrey | ASG
 
! rowspan=2 bgcolor = lightgrey | Name
 
! rowspan=2 bgcolor = lightgrey | [[Roundtime|RT]]
 
! rowspan=2 bgcolor = lightgrey | [[Action penalty|AP]]
 
! colspan=2 bgcolor = lightgrey | [[Cast versus Armor|CvA]]
 
! rowspan=2 bgcolor = lightgrey | [[Encumbrance|Base<br>Weight]]
 
! colspan=13 bgcolor = lightgrey | Spell Hindrance
 
|- align=center
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | Norm
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | Magic
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | [[Minor Spiritual|MnS]]
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | [[Major Spiritual|MjS]]
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | [[Cleric Base|Cleric]]
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | [[Minor Elemental|MnE]]
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | [[Minor Mental|MnM]]
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | [[Major Elemental|MjE]]/[[Major Mental|MjM]]<br>[[Savant]]
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | [[Ranger Base|Ranger]]
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | [[Sorcerer Base|Sorcerer]]
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | [[Wizard Base|Wizard]]
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | [[Bard Base|Bard]]
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | [[Empath Base|Empath]]
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | [[Paladin Base|Paladin]]
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | Max
 
|- align=center
 
| rowspan=2 | 1. Cloth
 
| 1
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | Normal Clothing/No Armor
 
| 0
 
| 0
 
| 25
 
| 20
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
|- align=center
 
| 2
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | Robes
 
| 0
 
| 0
 
| 25
 
| 15
 
| 8
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
|- align=center
 
| rowspan=4 | 2. Soft Leather
 
| 5
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | Light leather
 
| 0
 
| 0
 
| 20
 
| 15
 
| 10
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
|- align=center
 
| 6
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | Full leather
 
| 1
 
| 0
 
| 19
 
| 14
 
| 13
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
|- align=center
 
| 7
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | Reinforced leather
 
| 2
 
| -5
 
| 18
 
| 13
 
| 15
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| 2
 
| -
 
| 1
 
| 2
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| 4
 
|- align=center
 
| 8
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | Double leather
 
| 2
 
| -6
 
| 17
 
| 12
 
| 16
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| -
 
| 2
 
| 4
 
| -
 
| 2
 
| 4
 
| 2
 
| -
 
| -
 
| 6
 
|- align=center
 
| rowspan=4 | 3. Hard Leather
 
| 9
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | Leather breastplate
 
| 3
 
| -7
 
| 11
 
| 5
 
| 16
 
| 3
 
| 4
 
| 4
 
| 4
 
| 4
 
| 6
 
| 3
 
| 5
 
| 6
 
| 3
 
| 4
 
| 2
 
| 16
 
|- align=center
 
| 10
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | Cuirbouilli leather
 
| 4
 
| -8
 
| 10
 
| 4
 
| 17
 
| 4
 
| 5
 
| 5
 
| 5
 
| 5
 
| 7
 
| 4
 
| 6
 
| 7
 
| 3
 
| 5
 
| 3
 
| 20
 
|- align=center
 
| 11
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | Studded leather
 
| 5
 
| -10
 
| 9
 
| 3
 
| 20
 
| 5
 
| 6
 
| 6
 
| 6
 
| 6
 
| 9
 
| 5
 
| 8
 
| 9
 
| 3
 
| 6
 
| 4
 
| 24
 
|- align=center
 
| 12
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | Brigandine armor
 
| 6
 
| -12
 
| 8
 
| 2
 
| 25
 
| 6
 
| 7
 
| 7
 
| 7
 
| 7
 
| 12
 
| 6
 
| 11
 
| 12
 
| 7
 
| 7
 
| 5
 
| 28
 
|- align=center
 
| rowspan=4 | 4. Chain
 
| 13
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | Chain mail
 
| 7
 
| -13
 
| 1
 
| -6
 
| 25
 
| 7
 
| 8
 
| 8
 
| 8
 
| 8
 
| 16
 
| 7
 
| 16
 
| 16
 
| 8
 
| 8
 
| 6
 
| 40
 
|- align=center
 
| 14
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | Double chain
 
| 8
 
| -14
 
| 0
 
| -7
 
| 25
 
| 8
 
| 9
 
| 9
 
| 9
 
| 9
 
| 20
 
| 8
 
| 18
 
| 20
 
| 8
 
| 9
 
| 7
 
| 45
 
|- align=center
 
| 15
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | Augmented chain
 
| 8
 
| -16
 
| -1
 
| -8
 
| 26
 
| 9
 
| 11
 
| 11
 
| 10
 
| 10
 
| 25
 
| 9
 
| 22
 
| 25
 
| 8
 
| 11
 
| 8
 
| 55
 
|- align=center
 
| 16
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | Chain hauberk
 
| 9
 
| -18
 
| -2
 
| -9
 
| 27
 
| 11
 
| 14
 
| 14
 
| 12
 
| 15
 
| 30
 
| 11
 
| 26
 
| 30
 
| 15
 
| 14
 
| 9
 
| 60
 
|- align=center
 
| rowspan=4 | 5. Plate
 
| 17
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | Metal breastplate
 
| 9
 
| -20
 
| -10
 
| -18
 
| 23
 
| 16
 
| 25
 
| 25
 
| 16
 
| 21
 
| 35
 
| 21
 
| 29
 
| 35
 
| 21
 
| 25
 
| 10
 
| 90
 
|- align=center
 
| 18
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | Augmented plate
 
| 10
 
| -25
 
| -11
 
| -19
 
| 25
 
| 17
 
| 28
 
| 28
 
| 18
 
| 21
 
| 40
 
| 24
 
| 33
 
| 40
 
| 21
 
| 28
 
| 11
 
| 92
 
|- align=center
 
| 19
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | Half plate
 
| 11
 
| -30
 
| -12
 
| -20
 
| 50
 
| 18
 
| 32
 
| 32
 
| 20
 
| 21
 
| 45
 
| 27
 
| 39
 
| 45
 
| 21
 
| 32
 
| 12
 
| 94
 
|- align=center
 
| 20
 
| bgcolor = lightgrey | Full plate
 
| 12
 
| -35
 
| -13
 
| -21
 
| 75
 
| 20
 
| 45
 
| 45
 
| 22
 
| 50
 
| 50
 
| 30
 
| 48
 
| 50
 
| 50
 
| 45
 
| 13
 
| 96
 
|}
 
  
To see how much training is required to reduce penalties as far as possible, see the [[Armor Use]] article.
+
For a character exactly trained for full plate at cap, the AP (-35) is a little bit above the difference between training 1x and 2x in [[Physical Fitness]]*. Over training in [[Armor Use]] to reduce the action penalty and/or using [[armored evasion]] can reduce the maneuver penalty by a fairly significant amount.
  
== Encumbrance and Weight ==
+
<nowiki>*</nowiki>''Note: This should not be interpreted to mean that Physical Fitness provides a linear increase to maneuver rolls, only that the absolute difference between 1x and 2x training happens to be slightly less than 35. The exact mechanics of the standard maneuver roll are not known.''
Base armor (that is, armor which is worn "over the chest" and falls into one of the above ASGs) is treated uniquely with respect to the carrying capacity and [[encumbrance]] system. Armor may add to or subtract from encumbrance (effectively increasing native carrying capacity) when worn. The exact effect is dependent upon the [[Item weights (saved posts)|base weight]] of that particular class of armor, the actual [[weight]] of the armor (which may be more or less than standard weight), and the [[Racial modifiers (saved post)#Worn_Armor_Weight|racial weight modifier]].
+
 
 +
===Cast vs Armor (CvA)===
 +
{{#section:Warding|CvA}}
 +
 
 +
=== Spell Hindrance ===
 +
 
 +
The table shows the base hindrances for each armor type.
 +
 
 +
If a player is under trained for their armor type, the penalty will increase, but it will never exceed the Max hindrance shown in the rightmost column. The skill bonus required to reduce hindrance to the base value is ((20 * Base Hindrance) - 10).
  
Armor accessories (such as helms, arm, and leg greaves) will always increase [[encumbrance]]. It is important to note that when armor and armor accessories are held (as opposed to worn) by a character, they are ''not'' affected by [[Racial modifiers (saved post)#Worn_Armor_Weight|racial weight modifiers]]. When a character with a weight modifier which is less than 1 (such as [[elf|elves]] or [[halfling|halflings]]) wears an armor accessory, they may observe an apparent decrease in [[encumbrance]] when worn. The weight of the item will still increase the character's overall [[encumbrance]].
+
Example: When wearing brigandine armor (ASG 12), Cleric spells have a base hindrance of 7%. The required armor use skill bonus is ((20 * 7) - 10) = 130, which is equivalent to 35 skill ranks.
  
Further quantitative details on this topic can be found in the [[Encumbrance#Armor_Encumbrance_Formula|encumbrance article]].
+
Hindrance will never be less than the value shown, except when temporarily under the effects of the [[Paladin]] abilities [[Faith's Clarity (1603)]] and [[Armored Fluidity]].
  
 
==Critical Divisor==
 
==Critical Divisor==
Line 460: Line 86:
 
A '''critical divisor''' or '''crit divisor''' refers to a property of armor that determines the rank of a [[critical]] when struck.  The critical divisor for an unarmored opponent is 5, so in order to inflict a level 1 critical, an attacker must deal 5 to 11 [[raw damage]] in the absence of weighting.  Achieving ten raw damage can cause a level 2 critical, though the actual level of a critical will vary due to [[critical randomization]]. See also [[damage factor]] and [[armor]].<section end=critdivisor /><br style="clear:both;">
 
A '''critical divisor''' or '''crit divisor''' refers to a property of armor that determines the rank of a [[critical]] when struck.  The critical divisor for an unarmored opponent is 5, so in order to inflict a level 1 critical, an attacker must deal 5 to 11 [[raw damage]] in the absence of weighting.  Achieving ten raw damage can cause a level 2 critical, though the actual level of a critical will vary due to [[critical randomization]]. See also [[damage factor]] and [[armor]].<section end=critdivisor /><br style="clear:both;">
  
==Cast vs Armor (CvA)==
+
== Padding and Resistance ==
{{#section:Warding|CvA}}
+
 
 +
Armor (including accessories) may be [[padding|padded]] for additional generic protection from damage or criticals, or given [[resistance]] to specific critical types such as slashing attack or fire.
 +
 
 +
== Encumbrance  ==
 +
Base armor (that is, armor which is worn "over the chest" and falls into one of the above ASGs) is treated uniquely with respect to the carrying capacity and [[encumbrance]] system. Armor may add to or subtract from encumbrance (effectively increasing native carrying capacity) when worn. The exact effect is dependent upon the [[Item weights (saved posts)|base weight]] of that particular class of armor, the actual [[weight]] of the armor (which may be more or less than standard weight), and the [[Racial modifiers (saved post)#Worn_Armor_Weight|racial weight modifier]].
 +
 
 +
Armor accessories (such as helms, arm, and leg greaves) will always increase [[encumbrance]]. It is important to note that when armor and armor accessories are held (as opposed to worn) by a character, they are ''not'' affected by [[Racial modifiers (saved post)#Worn_Armor_Weight|racial weight modifiers]]. When a character with a weight modifier which is less than 1 (such as [[elf|elves]] or [[halfling|halflings]]) wears an armor accessory, they may observe an apparent decrease in [[encumbrance]] when worn. The weight of the item will still increase the character's overall [[encumbrance]].
 +
 
 +
Further quantitative details on this topic can be found in the [[Encumbrance#Armor_Encumbrance_Formula|encumbrance article]].
  
 
== Resources ==
 
== Resources ==

Revision as of 16:07, 24 January 2017

Armor Navigation - edit
Armor
Armor Use
Spell hindrance
Specializations
Warrior Rogue Paladin
Reinforce Evasion Blessing
Support Stealth Casting
Crush Fluidity
Puncture
Slash

Armor is protects its wearer from damage by decreasing the damage factor (usually) and increasing the critical divisor.

Armor is divided into main armor and armor accessories. Kinds of main armor are distinguished by their armor group (AG) and armor sub-group (AsG). Characters may only wear one set of main armor and one of each kind of accessory at a time.

The first armor in an armor group is usually torso armor, covering only the chest, stomach, and back. The second type will cover the arms and hands of the wearer, then the third type will cover the legs as well. The last type of armor in a group covers the entire body. When a character wears an accessory such as greaves to increase the coverage of their armor, the AsG remains unchanged but the penalties (moving, casting, RT) change to correspond with the greatest degree of coverage; see table below for more details. For example, if a character was wearing light leather that covers just the torso, they might decide to add arm greaves at one point. The behavior of the character's armor would then change to that of full leather since the total coverage would then be torso and arms.

Note that penalties are assessed based on the worst (most extensive) coverage. Wearing a helm on the head or aventail on the neck while wearing AsG5/light leather will give AsG8/double leather penalties, but will NOT give the protection (see next paragraph) of the heavier armor to the arms or legs, since those body locations are not covered in this case: only the chest, abdomen, back, and head (or neck) are covered in this example. For this reason it is usually advised to wear the heaviest armor the character is trained for, and not use accessories at all. Some characters prefer to wear accessories in any case, but this is usually either for cosmetic reasons (the helm perfectly matches the look sought) or entirely different mechanical benefits (such as an Enhancive item).

When a type of armor in a class doesn't cover a body part, the part counts as being covered by one class less when determining the critical rank of a strike. For example, when striking someone wearing torso plate, or metal breastplate, the weapon uses the damage factor of striking someone in plate, no matter where the strike lands. However, when striking an uncovered portion, the amount of raw damage required per critical rank is only 9 damage, instead of the 11 damage which is standard for plate armor (these numbers are called critical divisors). Therefore, a strike of 18 raw damage using a longsword (a +203 to +208 endroll) to an arm is a level 2 crit (+7 extra damage, for a total of 25 damage), but if the same strike were to hit the chest, it'd only be a level 1 crit (+1 extra damage, for a total of 19 damage).

Note: the endrolls noted may be much higher if the victim has significant amounts of DFRedux. For example, a character with 60% redux in the example given above would require a +358 endroll for the same result.

Armor Attributes

Table: Armor attributes - edit
AG ASG Name Base
Weight
RT AP CvA Spell Hindrance (%)
Norm Magic MnS MjS Cleric MnE MjE Ranger Sorcerer Wizard Bard Empath MnM MjM Paladin Max
1. Cloth 1 Normal Clothing - 0 0 25 20 - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
2 Robes 8 0 0 25 15 - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
2. Leather 5 Light Leather 10 0 0 20 15 - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
6 Full Leather 13 1 -1 19 14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
7 Reinforced Leather 15 2 -5 18 13 - - - - 2 - 1 2 - - - 2 - 4
8 Double Leather 16 2 -6 17 12 - - - - 4 - 2 4 2 - 2 4 - 6
3. Scale 9 Leather Breastplate 16 3 -7 11 5 3 4 4 4 6 3 5 6 3 4 4 6 2 16
10 Cuirbouilli Leather 17 4 -8 10 4 4 5 5 5 7 4 6 7 3 5 5 7 3 20
11 Studded Leather 20 5 -10 9 3 5 6 6 6 9 5 8 9 3 6 6 9 4 24
12 Brigandine Armor 25 6 -12 8 2 6 7 7 7 12 6 11 12 7 7 7 12 5 28
4. Chain 13 Chain Mail 25 7 -13 1 -6 7 8 8 8 16 7 16 16 8 8 8 16 6 40
14 Double Chain 25 8 -14 0 -7 8 9 9 9 20 8 18 20 8 9 9 20 7 45
15 Augmented Chain 26 8 -16 -1 -8 9 11 11 10 25 9 22 25 8 11 10 25 8 55
16 Chain Hauberk 27 9 -18 -2 -9 11 14 14 12 30 11 26 30 15 14 15 30 9 60
5. Plate 17 Metal Breastplate 23 9 -20 -10 -18 16 25 25 16 35 21 29 35 21 25 21 35 10 90
18 Augmented Breastplate 25 10 -25 -11 -19 17 28 28 18 40 24 33 40 21 28 21 40 11 92
19 Half Plate 50 11 -30 -12 -20 18 32 32 20 45 27 39 45 21 32 21 45 12 94
20 Full Plate 75 12 -35 -13 -21 20 45 45 22 50 30 48 50 50 45 50 50 13 96


Armor Sub-Group

The armor sub-group (often referred to as ASG) is the method by which armor is categorized. Armors fall into one of five groups: Cloth, Leather ("Soft Leather"), Scale ("Hard Leather"), Chain or Plate. Within each of these groups are 4 armor sub-groups. (However, in the case of the Cloth group, armor sub-groups 3 and 4 are no longer available within the game.)

In each armor group, the lowest ASG has the least amount of coverage, while the highest ASG has the most amount of coverage.

Armor accessories can increase the effective ASG of your armor. That is, if you wear double chain, which covers torso and arms, and also wear a helmet and leg greaves, you will have an effective ASG exactly as if you were wearing a chain hauberk.

Coverage

Each armor type has a built in level of coverage that it provides to your body. This coverage can prevent damage to those areas of your body in the form of critical hits.

In each armor group, the lowest ASG has the least amount of coverage (just the torso), while the highest ASG has the most amount of coverage (head to toe).

Armor accessories can increase the effective ASG of your armor. That is, if you wear double chain, which covers torso and arms, and also wear a helmet and leg greaves, you will receive the same amount of coverage exactly as if you were wearing a chain hauberk.

Roundtime Adder

The Roundtime Adder is a number (in seconds) added to your base roundtime when swinging a weapon.

By training in armor use skill, this roundtime can be reduced. Each 20 points in the skill removes one second of armor-based roundtime. The skill bonus required to fully train off the roundtime penalty is ((20 * Roundtime Adder) - 10).

High bonuses in dexterity and agility also offset this penalty.

Example: When wearing brigandine armor (ASG 12), attacks have a 6 second roundtime adder. The required armor use skill bonus to train off the extra roundtime is ((20 * 6) - 10) = 110, which is achieved with 27 skill ranks (111 bonus).

Action Penalty

The action penalty is a modifier subtracted from your chance to perform a standard maneuver roll.

A maneuver may include anything from dodging Elemental Wave and Earthen Fury attacks, to something as mundane as standing up.

The skill bonus required to reduce the action penalty to its base value is (20 * Roundtime Adder). While this formula also uses the Roundtime Adder, there is no rounding (so the full bonus is required and there is no "-10" to the total amount).

For a character exactly trained for full plate at cap, the AP (-35) is a little bit above the difference between training 1x and 2x in Physical Fitness*. Over training in Armor Use to reduce the action penalty and/or using armored evasion can reduce the maneuver penalty by a fairly significant amount.

*Note: This should not be interpreted to mean that Physical Fitness provides a linear increase to maneuver rolls, only that the absolute difference between 1x and 2x training happens to be slightly less than 35. The exact mechanics of the standard maneuver roll are not known.

Cast vs Armor (CvA)

Cast versus Armor (CvA) is a factor in warding attack spells that reflects how well armor protects against magic. Lower CvA means the armor is more protective. Heavier armor types are harder to penetrate. Magical or enchanted armors protect the wearer better than non-magical or non-enchanted armors, and this differential also increases with the heavier types of armor. In practice, wearing heavier and magical armor is equivalent to having a higher target defense for any target.

Like AvD, CvA is added directly to the combat roll to determine a warding spell's success. Positive values represent a greater vulnerability to attack, and negative values represent less.

Per GM Cyper's post introducing CvA, use of a non-magical shield will provide -5 CvA, and a magical shield -10 CvA, which is not cumulative with armor. Functionally, this means that shields only provide a CvA benefit when Armor Group 1/clothing is worn.

CvA can be modified by Shield Focus and Ensorcell.

AG Cloth Leather Scale Chain Plate
AsG 1 2 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
CvA (normal) 25 25 20 19 18 17 11 10 9 8 1 0 -1 -2 -10 -11 -12 -13
CvA (magical) 20 15 15 14 13 12 5 4 3 2 -6 -7 -8 -9 -18 -19 -20 -21

Spell Hindrance

The table shows the base hindrances for each armor type.

If a player is under trained for their armor type, the penalty will increase, but it will never exceed the Max hindrance shown in the rightmost column. The skill bonus required to reduce hindrance to the base value is ((20 * Base Hindrance) - 10).

Example: When wearing brigandine armor (ASG 12), Cleric spells have a base hindrance of 7%. The required armor use skill bonus is ((20 * 7) - 10) = 130, which is equivalent to 35 skill ranks.

Hindrance will never be less than the value shown, except when temporarily under the effects of the Paladin abilities Faith's Clarity (1603) and Armored Fluidity.

Critical Divisor

Armor Group Critical Divisor
Robes 5
Leather 6
Scale 7
Chain 9
Plate 11

A critical divisor or crit divisor refers to a property of armor that determines the rank of a critical when struck. The critical divisor for an unarmored opponent is 5, so in order to inflict a level 1 critical, an attacker must deal 5 to 11 raw damage in the absence of weighting. Achieving ten raw damage can cause a level 2 critical, though the actual level of a critical will vary due to critical randomization. See also damage factor and armor.

Padding and Resistance

Armor (including accessories) may be padded for additional generic protection from damage or criticals, or given resistance to specific critical types such as slashing attack or fire.

Encumbrance

Base armor (that is, armor which is worn "over the chest" and falls into one of the above ASGs) is treated uniquely with respect to the carrying capacity and encumbrance system. Armor may add to or subtract from encumbrance (effectively increasing native carrying capacity) when worn. The exact effect is dependent upon the base weight of that particular class of armor, the actual weight of the armor (which may be more or less than standard weight), and the racial weight modifier.

Armor accessories (such as helms, arm, and leg greaves) will always increase encumbrance. It is important to note that when armor and armor accessories are held (as opposed to worn) by a character, they are not affected by racial weight modifiers. When a character with a weight modifier which is less than 1 (such as elves or halflings) wears an armor accessory, they may observe an apparent decrease in encumbrance when worn. The weight of the item will still increase the character's overall encumbrance.

Further quantitative details on this topic can be found in the encumbrance article.

Resources