Weighting is a rare property on physical weapons that a increases the damage dealt by successful hits. There are two types of weighting: critical weighting increases the potential critical rank of the hit, and damage weighting increases HP damage.
Both types of weighting are measured by Combat Effectiveness Rating, usually from 0 to 50 points.
Warriors can ASSESS weapons to determine their exact number of points of critical and/or damage weighting. ASSESS also provides a verbal description, such as "decently weighted to inflict more critical blows", which can be used as an in-character way to describe the property. The relationship between verbal descriptions and combat effectiveness is shown on the table to the right.
Critical weighting increases the critical severity of a successful attack by adding the Combat Effectiveness Rating to the raw HP damage before resolving the critical rank. A weapon with 10 points of critical weighting ("heavily weighted to inflict more critical blows") adds 10 extra phantom damage. The full weapon weighting is added to each attack. It is NOT halved and it does not randomize. This includes DEX bonus weighting and Sigil of Major Bane.
E.g., a character attacks and hits a creature wearing soft leather armor for 15 raw damage. Since the critical divisor of soft leather armor is 6, it would normally be, without any weapon weighting, a level 2 [trunc(15 / 6)] maximum crit rank. An attack with a heavily crit weighted weapon will increase the total damage used to calculate the crit rank. Bear in mind that this damage is not actually hitpoint damage, it is only used to determine the maximum critical rank. To determine the max crit rank divide the sum of the raw and crit damage by the armor crit divisor and truncate the result. In this example it is trunc[(15 raw + 10 crit) / 6]. Therefore, the actual maximum crit rank possible has increased from 2 with a non-weighted weapon to 4 when weapon crit weighting is added.
Critical weighting cannot increase the rank of a hit that would have been a critical rank 0 otherwise. Characters have natural crit weighting derived from DEX bonus. GILCHRISTR's research indicates that 1 potential phantom damage is added for each 4 bonus.
(Note: There is some variation on critical hits. See critical randomization.)
Damage weighting is a property of a weapon that causes the weapon to inflict additional hitpoint damage on a target. Damage weighting does not apply when calculating the critical outcome of an attack. The additional hitpoints from damage weighting are added at the end of the combat resolution calculations. There is no special messaging to indicate that damage weighting is a factor in the attack resolution. In order to determine the amount of weighting added to a particular attack requires calculating the non-damage weighted outcome and comparing this theoretical value to the actual result.
As with crit weighting, there is both a numerical value and a corresponding descriptive message associated with the level of weighting a weapon possesses. However, unlike critical weighting, which requires that the initial raw damage be sufficient to cause a minimum Rank 1 critical before activating, there is no such requirement for damage weighted weapons. Damage weighting will activate with all successful (endrolls greater than 100) attacks.
The amount of damage weighting added to an attack is either fixed or variable depending upon the level of weighting. Weighting levels from Lightly to Somewhat will always add the weapon's actual weighting. Weighting levels higher than Somewhat will add a variable amount of HP damage but will never be less than Somewhat equivalent weighting.
Adding damage weighting to weapons is NOT available through the premium point system. Damage weighted weapons are often available in player run shops, through special merchants or events, or from private sales by other players. Because of their desirability weighted weapons can be quite expensive. High level weighted weapons can sell for tens of millions of silver or more.
Although not an intrinsic property of a weapon, damage weighting can also be added to melee, ranged and bolt attacks by members of the Guardians of Sunfist society by activating the Sigil of Minor Bane.
Damage Weighting Calculation
In order to determine the amount of weighting added to an attack it is necessary to know the weapon damage factor and the critical damage result. These values can then be used to determine the total theoretical damage (raw damage + critical damage). The amount of damage from the weapon weighting is simply (actual damage - theoretical damage).
You swing a vultite longsword at a hill troll!< AS: +246 vs DS: +84 with AvD: +42 + d100 roll: +91 = +295 ... and hit for 128 points of damage! Massive blow punches a hole through the hill troll's chest! The hill troll is stunned!
In this example, the weapon damage factor is .275 (longsword vs. light leather: Armor Group 2). The raw damage from the attack is (weapon DF * (endroll - 100) which results in (.275 * 195) 56 raw damage. The critical damage can be found by looking up the messaging on the appropriate critical table. In this case, the critical messaging Massive blow punches a hole through the hill troll's chest!, which can be found on the crush critical table, indicates a Rank 8 Chest critical with 65 points of damage. The total theoretical damage is (56 raw + 65 critical) = 119. The actual damage as shown in the combat messaging is 128. Therefore, the amount of damage weighting added to the attack is (128 actual - 119 theoretical) = 9 points of weighting.
In this example there is no critical damage. The messaging Light slash to the hill troll's abdomen! Barely nicked., that is found on the slash critical table, corresponds to 0 critical damage. Therefore, the only theoretical damage is the raw damage (weapon DF * (endroll - 100). In this example the raw damage is (.225 * 21) = 5. The difference between the weapon damage factor from examples I and II is due to the different armor worn by the hill trolls, as reflected in the different AvDs. The troll in Example II is wearing a leather breastplate (Armor Group 3). The weapon weighting is (actual damage - theoretical damage) which in this example is (13 - 5) = 8 points of weighting.
You swing a vultite longsword at a hill troll! AS: +163 vs DS: +113 with AvD: +43 + d100 roll: +28 = +121 ... and hit for 13 points of damage! Light slash to the hill troll's abdomen! Barely nicked.
| Weighting/Padding/Sighting (W/P/S) Combat Effectiveness Rating (CER)|
vs. Total Services
The merchant service to add combat effective points (CEP) will, in most cases, offer to increase the number of services on an item. The relationship between combat effective points and services is shown on the table to the right. Weighting (for melee weapons), padding (armor), and sighting (for ranged weapons) all share this table and are collectively known as W/P/S. The number of CEP on an item is also known as the combat effectiveness rating (CER).
For example, adding 20 services of critical weighting to a non-padded item will give it a 2 CER. Adding 20 services to an item that already has 130 services (9 CER) will take it to a total of 150 services (10 CER).
If the number of services on an item fall within an intermediate CER, the item will provide a % chance equal to the progress towards the next CER to increase the combat effectiveness to the next value: an item with 145 services will have a 75% chance to confer a 10 CER (150 services) in combat instead of 9 (130 services). It is possible for an item to have both critical and damage padding or weighting, as applicable, and they can be added separately with a corresponding price surcharge. The total number of services per item is still capped at 5000.
60-Day Service Window
When a W/P/S merchant service is offered, the price (silvers or event currency) of adding services increases as more services are added within the same 60-day window. This service window is tracked per item across all merchants and venues. Cost per service only increases with the number of services added within this window, not the total number of existing services on an item.
A 60-day Service Window is started at the first W/P/S on an item. Every W/P/S service done to that item within that 60 days will increase the Service Count within that window. Items will become more expensive to work on as the Service Count increases. Prices increases happen at Service Counts of 5, 10, and 15, with significant price increases starting at 20+. On the first service after 60-day Service Window ends, the Service Window and Service Counts are reset.
Base item pricing is determined based on the other attributes of the item, including (but not limited to) enchant, flares, resistances, functional scripts, etc. The price of a single service of W/P/S is consistent no matter how much of that W/P/S type is on the item, but there is a surcharge for other types of W/P/S on the same item.