Ranged weapons are all weapons that use a base launcher of some sort to hurl ammo at a target. Generally, there are two types of these weapons in GemStone IV: a bow and a crossbow.
Bow have a FIRE roundtime determined by the base roundtime subtracted by one's strength bonus divided by ten. So, in order to get a 3 second RT using a long bow, the archer needs a strength bonus of 40. The strength bonus takes into account spells, enhancives, and Surge of Strength. Sniping (shooting a target from hiding) and aiming (using the aim verb with the option of anything but random) each add one second to the shooter's roundtime. These are cumulative, so a shot with a long bow from hiding that is aiming at the left eye will incur a nine second roundtime when shooting without any strength bonus. The minimum firing roundtime is 3 seconds, including if sniping/aiming.
Crossbows must be COCKed and LOADed before firing. Both cocking and firing incur roundtime. Cocking has a base roundtime of 6 seconds for light crossbows and 9 seconds for heavy crossbows and is reduced by the strength bonus divided by ten; however, in practice there is often some random variation that adds extra roundtime. The base firing time for crossbows is a flat 2 seconds, plus an additional second each for sniping/aiming. Crossbow firing roundtime is not affected by strength.
Max Ranks and Training Point costs
|Max Ranks Per Level||2||2||2||2||2||2||1||1||-||1||1|
|Training point Cost||3/1||2/1||4/1||4/2||6/2||3/1||9/3||14/3||-||14/3||14/3|
Damage Factors and Attack versus Defense
|Weapon||AG||Cloth||Leather||Scale||Chain||Plate||RT||Min RT||Damage Type||STR/DU|
As per the recent archery updates, you may now add different arrow/bolt tip types to your bundles to adjust how they perform under different circumstances.
In order to do so, you must have 400 ranks in the fletching skill. Hold 10 of the tip type you wish to add in the LEFT HAND and a bundle of the bolt/arrows you wish to modify in the RIGHT HAND. Type FLETCH TIP and it will ask you if you wish to confirm, warning you that all changes are permanent and the damage type will be changed from its current type to the new type. Type FLETCH TIP once more to continue.
A table outlining the four arrow/bolt tip types and how they adjust your arrow or bolt:
|Tip||DF Bonus/Penalty||AvD Bonus/Penalty||Damage Type|
|Bodkin Point||See below||+5 vs Chain/Plate||Puncture/Slash|
In the case of the bodkin point, the exact DF changes are as follows: Cloth -0.050, Leather -0.025, Scale -0.010 Chain +0.025, Plate +0.015
As you can see, this makes the bodkin point superior to a normal arrow tip against chain and plate, but worse against scale and lower.
Ranged attack strength formula:
|AS||=|| Dexterity bonus + Ranged Weapons skill + Truncate[(Perception ranks - 40)/4] + Truncate[(Ambushing ranks - 40)/4]|
+ (Bow enchant + Arrow enchant) + crossbow kneeling bonus
Perception + Ambushing ranks - Perception only gives additional AS up to 2x ranks per level, even if a character can train more ranks or uses skill enhancive items. For example, at level 50, up to 102 ranks in Perception will count towards ranged AS. The bonus from Ambush can exceed 2x with enhancives.
Note that the -40 to ranks in the formula never results in a negative number. The bonus does not start till you have 40 ranks in either.
Bow enchant + Arrow enchant - Previously to the ranged changes, the enchant on the arrow stacked with the enchant on the bow up to 10x. Except in the case of special quivers and bows, this is no longer case. Now the entire enchant comes from the bow itself. Those with 500 ranks in fletching can give their bundle of ammo +5 AvD for 100 shots, once per hour. To do this, hold the ammo bundle you wish to modify in your RIGHT HAND and type FLETCH MASTER.
Kneeling bonus - While firing a light or heavy crossbow, kneeling or lying down adds +30 AS. Note: This bonus does NOT apply to the hand crossbow.
Critical weighting is applied to ranged attacks using the formula: trunc((INT + WIS) / 6). The following table shows the aforementioned relationship.
- The Art of the Bow: Guide
- List of woods
- Puncture critical table
- Starchitin's rogue sniper guide
- 2020 Archery Update
- Combined AvD/DF of Ammo Tips
- Saved posts
- Missile Weapons, on Play.net
- Officials folder
- The Archery Haven guide, on Archeryhaven.com
- QRS Script, on GSGuide.net